Please note, this order was correct at time of publishing but may change! This should help with planning for costume changes
- Singing in the rain (year 4)
- True colours (flamingos)
- Status quo (bellbirds)
- Hall of fame (3/4 dance)
- What I am (flamingos /lorikeets)
- McDonald’s farm
- If I had words
- Wipe out medley (budgies)
- Adams family (year 5)
- Can’t stop the feeling (willy wagtails)
- Irish medley
- Unwritten (choir)
- Waltzing matilda (budgies)
- I am Australian (owls)
- Cellabration (lorikeets)
- This is who I am (senior dance)
Last term, year 3 and 4 students attended camp. We explored Sydney Harbour with Lessons Afloat, including a stopover at Shark Island, stepped back in time to the convict era at Hyde Park Barracks, did a night tour and sleepover at Taronga Zoo, and conducted experiments at the Powerhouse Museum. Can’t wait for our next adventure!
Running a country is a complex job with responsibilities shared between different levels of government representation.
Watch the video above. Think:
Who are the people calling ‘Malcolm Turnbull’ on his phone during the video?
Why does the Prime Minister need ministers to help run the country?
Why do you think ‘running a country’ is such a big job for its leaders?
The Government Cabinet:
Cabinet is a group within the government consisting of no more than 30 top-level ministers. They are the main decision-making group and help the Prime Minister with governing and policy-making.
Cabinet’s role is to make decisions about national issues. Cabinet ministers spend a lot of time discussing current national problems and how these can be solved. Once Cabinet has made a decision, all Cabinet ministers are expected to support the decision publicly. Cabinet records are kept secret for twenty to thirty years.
All Cabinet discussions are top secret, so that ministers feel able to speak freely about any issue, including highly confidential matters such as national security. Ministers are not even allowed to take mobile phones or laptops into the cabinet room!
The Three Levels of Government:
As Australia is so large, the Federal Government cannot manage all the services needed to run the country on its own.
Our representatives on the three levels include:
To make sure that there is enough funding for each service (and they are managed efficiently), Australian government services are assigned to the Federal, State and Local governments.
Make a list of some services the government might be responsible for in order to keep the country running smoothly. Once you are done, compare the list of services on the following slide with the list you created.
The Australian Government is responsible for providing the public with a range of services. Think of all the services that you use each day. How many of these services are supplied by the government?
In groups of 4-5 make a list of all the government services that your class would use in one week.
Final thoughts: Where does the money to pay for these services come from? How does taxation work?
The Australian system of government is called a democracy. This system decides who holds power and influence in the ruling of our nation. ‘Democracy’ combines two shorter Greek words: ‘demos’ meaning citizen and ‘kratos’ meaning power or rule.
View the slideshow. Why did Australia use parts from both the British and United States government systems? Which one do we appear to be closer to?
Parliament is a place where ministers and senators meet to represent the people of Australia and make laws. The power to make and manage these laws is separated between Parliament, the Executive and the Judiciary. This separation is very important. If a small group of people has all the power, they may make decisions and laws that are not helpful to the majority of our citizens. The three arms of the government make sure that the power is balanced and that the people are represented.
In small ‘expert’ groups, create a poster to display in the classroom that summarises one of the following topics below.
- Parliament of Australia
- Separation of Powers
- The House of Representatives
- The Senate
Australia has not always been this way. Before Federation, Australia was a continent with six separate colonies, NSW, QLD, VIC, WA, SA, and TAS. Each colony operated independent from the other colonies and had their own defence forces, trade, postal and railway systems and immigration laws.
Look at the pre-federation maps of Australia and compare what is the same or different to today’s map. Why are the territories (NT and ACT) not included at this point in history? (Interestingly, New Zealand, which was also a British colony, had the option of joining the other colonies and becoming a part of the nation!)
Four men, Henry Parkes, Edmund Barton, Alfred Deakin, and George Reid, are known as the Fathers of Federation. They felt that it was time the colonies came together to form one nation and were very important in Australian history. Discuss their contributions to the colonies joining together.
Explain that in order for Federation to take place, a referendum had to be held, where the people of the colonies were asked their opinion on the matter. Explain that a referendum is a popular vote on a topic, where voters either tick ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ on their ballot paper.
Federation was a big decision for the colonies with arguments for and against the issue. In your history book, write:
- Arguments that may have been used for AND against federation.
- Which side do you agree/disagree with and why?
- Do you think the colonies make the right decision in the end by ‘joining forces’?
- How would life be different today if they had not come together to form Australia?
Explain to students that in order for the colonies to work together, they needed a set of rules. This is how the Australian Constitution was created. View snapshot video:
Individual task: ask students to imagine that they worked for a newspaper in 1899. Ask them to design a persuasive poster aimed at getting people to vote for or against Federation in the referendum. Remind them to think about the reasons for and against Federation in 1901 and how you could incorporate these into your poster. Have students share their finished posters with the class and display posters in the classroom.